Of the four most prestigious competitions, he appeared in 3 , after Wimbledon and US contest. By way, term “Grand Slam ” itself was introduced into use only in 1933, 30 years after appearance of fourth championship in this series, Australian Open (1905).
It was introduced by John Kieran, a New York Times columnist
That year, Australian John Crawford won in Australia, France and the UK, and before the US Open, Kieran compared Crawford’s possible victory in all 4 contests with “Grand Slam ” in bridge, that is, 13 tricks ordered and taken by one of the parties. True, Crawford eventually lost in the final to the famous Fred Perry, but the term itself stuck.
The historic decision of French Federation made Roland Garros open to all since 1925 – and contributed to its further development. However, local fans in those years could not worry regarding safety of the main titles for French – in women’s tennis, Lenglen was strongest, and in men’s tennis ruled 4 main players.
For a long time, French contest was closed to world
Only members of French tennis clubs had right to take part in Roland Garros. True, citizens of other countries could also be members of these clubs, but for all the time from 1891 to 1924 (before the tournament received status), a foreign tennis player won only once in it. And in the women’s singles, which appeared in 1897, for 30 years only French women won main award.
The historic decision of French Tennis Association made Roland Garros open to all since 1925 and contributed to its further development. However, local fans in those years could not worry regarding safety of the main titles for French – in women’s tennis, Lenglen was strongest, and in men’s tennis “4 musketeers” rule. Suzanne, who ended up living 39 years old, won six times in singles at French contest and at English contest ; in addition, at the 1920 Olympics, she won two gold and one bronze medals. Now the second most important courtyard of the complex bears her name. Main courtyard, by way, is named after Philippe Chatrier, who for many years headed French Tennis Federation and International Tennis Federation.
As for the four “musketeers”, there is a special discussion about them
These were many players, who covered tennis France with fame and deservedly basked in its rays all their lives. In total, they won 43 Grand Slam tournaments for 4 , 20 of which were in singles (although Brugnon did not win in singles). In addition, from 1920 to 1932 they invariably won the Davis Cup for France, the prestige of which was then much higher than now.
And it was precisely the victory of the Musketeers in the away final match with the US team in 1927 that Roland Garros complex itself owes its appearance. Fact is that at that time in France there was no stadium worthy of hosting the final match of the Davis Cup (in those years, the current champion of this contest took part in final round, and everyone else fought for the right to play with him).
As a result, Stade Francais club, which owned land near Bois de Boulogne, gave 3 hectares for construction of a tennis complex, setting only one term – to name it after famous French pilot Roland Garros, who died in First World War. Fact is that once Roland was a member of this club. And less than 10 years after the death of pilot, Roland Garros complex appeared in Paris.